i. Specify whether to use raw drawn steel wire or lead-hardened steel wire;
ii. Propose requirements for steel wire diameter, strength level and standard number;
iii. If there are special strength, diameter tolerance and other requirements, it should be put forward;
iv. Carbon steel springs are suitable for working at the highest long-term temperature of 121℃. For higher working temperatures, alloy spring steel should be used.
Special-shaped cross section: square, rectangular, hexagonal, etc.
Annealing treatment: suitable for large deformation plastic processing, such as flattening, rolling into triangles, etc.
Stabilization treatment: The steel wire will spring straight after being released, and the residual stress will be better eliminated.
Surface state: the standard state is the cold drawn state after phosphating, and other special states include galvanizing, nickel plating and non-phosphating.
piano wire: according to ISO standard DM, DH level, or according to JISG3522 standard delivery.
Alloy spring steel wire: Alloy steel wire can be supplied in annealed and cold drawn state.
Whether the special needs can be met should be confirmed when ordering.
00 series—chromium-nickel-manganese austenitic stainless steel
300 series—chromium-nickel austenitic stainless steel
Model 301—Good ductility, used for molded products. It can also be hardened by mechanical processing. Good weldability. Abrasion resistance and fatigue strength are better than 304 stainless steel.
Model 302—The corrosion resistance is the same as that of 304, because the carbon content is relatively high, the strength is better.
Model 303—It is easier to cut than 304 by adding a small amount of sulfur and phosphorus.
Model 304—general model; that is, 18/8 stainless steel. The GB grade is 0Cr18Ni9.
Model 309—Compared with 304, it has better temperature resistance.
Model 316-after 304, the second most widely used steel grade, mainly used in the food industry and surgical equipment, adding molybdenum to obtain a special corrosion-resistant structure. Because it has better resistance to chloride corrosion than 304, it is also used as "marine steel". SS316 is usually used in nuclear fuel recovery devices. 18/10 grade stainless steel usually also meets this application level. 
Model 321—Except for the addition of titanium to reduce the risk of corrosion of the material welds, other properties are similar to 304.
400 series-ferritic and martensitic stainless steel
Model 408—Good heat resistance, weak corrosion resistance, 11% Cr, 8% Ni.
Model 409—the cheapest model (British and American), usually used as a car exhaust pipe, is a ferritic stainless steel (chrome steel).
Model 410—Martensite (high-strength chromium steel), with good wear resistance and poor corrosion resistance.
Model 416—Add sulfur to improve the processing performance of the material.
Model 420—"tool grade" martensitic steel, similar to the earliest stainless steel such as Brinell high chromium steel. It is also used for surgical knives, which can be very bright.
Model 430—Ferritic stainless steel, for decoration, such as car accessories. Good formability, but poor temperature resistance and corrosion resistance.
Model 440—High-strength cutting tool steel with slightly higher carbon content. After proper heat treatment, higher yield strength can be obtained. The hardness can reach 58HRC, which is one of the hardest stainless steels. The most common application example is "razor blades". There are three commonly used models: 440A, 440B, 440C, and 440F (easy processing type).
500 series—heat-resistant chromium alloy steel.
600 series—Martensitic precipitation hardening stainless steel.
Type 630—The most commonly used type of precipitation hardening stainless steel, usually called 17-4; 17% Cr, 4% Ni.
4. How to do the phosphating process of the spring?
a) Shot blasting or sandblasting to remove oil, rust and oxide scale for quenching and tempering springs
b) Gasoline washing, phosphating after blow-drying (can be washed two or three times) Mainly used for thin springs
c) Chemical degreasing NaoH100～150g/L 20～70%Na2CO2 heated to 100℃
d) Rolling barrel to remove oil and rust, for tension spring
ii. Copper removal 250～300g/l of chromic acid, 80～100g/l of ammonium sulfate, add water, this process can be omitted if there is no copper